Nailing down the exact cause of chronic fatigue syndrome is one thing that has eluded many scientists. However, experts have put forth various theories in a bid to trace what causes this condition. While some experts believe that CFS results from viral infections or immune system disorders, others argue that the condition occurs as a result of hormonal imbalances in the body.
Also, there is a section of scholars who believe that CFS is a product of a combination of two or more of these factors. Despite the different views, one thing is clear: the three factors are potential triggers of chronic fatigue syndrome. It is true that some individuals are born with a predisposing factor, which is eventually triggered by these factors.
1. Viral Infections
Based on statistics, there are people who develop CFS just after a viral infection. This prompts researchers to believe that certain viruses trigger the condition. Although there is no conclusive research linking CFS to specific viruses, mouse leukemia, human herpes virus 6, and Epstein-Barr viruses are the most suspected culprits.
2. Hormonal Imbalances
Scientists have established that some CFS sufferers tend to develop abnormal levels of hormones in their blood. Despite lack of solid proof linking CFS to these abnormal levels, it is possible that these imbalances play a role in causing the condition. Hormones produced in the pituitary gland, hypothalamus, and adrenal glands, are the prime suspects.
3. Immune System Disorders
CFS patients tend to have a slightly impaired immune system. However, there is no proof that this level of impairment is adequate to trigger the condition
The chances of developing CFS syndrome can be higher or lower depending on age, sex, or stress. A person is more susceptible when in their 40s or 50s. In terms of sex, women are affected more than men. And finally, failure to effectively manage stress makes it easy for one to develop CFS.